Artificial Intelligence is a thought that concerned individuals from all around the world and from all circumstances. Old Greeks and Egyptians spoke in their fantasies and logic machines and fake elements which have characteristics looking like to those of people, particularly in what considering, thinking and knowledge are concerned.
Artificial intelligence is a branch of computer engineering concerned about the research and design of intelligent machines. The word of “artificial intelligence”, coined at the meeting that occurred at Dartmouth in 1956 originates from John McCarthy who characterized it as the study of making intelligent machine.
Alongside the growth of the electronic computers, Since 1940s, this domain and idea known as artificial intelligence and concerned about the creation of intelligent machines resembling to people, all the more precisely, having qualities, such as, those of a person, began deliver intelligent machines.
The disciplines implied in the AI are extremely different. Fields of study, for example, Mathematics, Psychology, Philosophy, Logic, Engineering, Social Sciences, Cognitive Sciences and Computer engineering are vital and firmly interrelated are extremely important regards to artificial intelligence. Every one of these fields and sciences contribute to the making of intelligent machines that have similarities to human beings.
The application areas of artificial intelligence are greatly different, for example, Robotics. The field of artificial intelligence has recorded a quick and fabulous development since 1956, specialists achieving awesome successes in making intelligent machines capable of partially doing what human beings can do.
Clearly, scientists have experienced and still encounter a few issues in recreating the human knowledge. An intelligent machine should have various qualities and must relate to some particular standards. For example, the individual is capable of solving an issue quicker by utilizing predominantly natural judgments as opposed to conscious judgments.
Another aspect that scientists have considerably analysed was the learning portrayal which refers to the knowledge about the world that intelligent machines must have in order to solve problems, for example, objects or categories of objects, features of object and relations between objects.
Besides, another challenge for researchers in the field of artificial intelligence refers to the way that intelligent machines must be able to design the issues that should be settled, to set various objectives that must be accomplished, to have the capacity to settle on decisions and predict actions, they should be capable to learn, to comprehend the human languages and to show feelings and have the capacity to comprehend and predict the behaviour of the others.
Artificial intelligence is an extremely challenging and immense field of information which offers numerous questions and generates numerous debates but also solves many problems that technology and industry are defying with today and may offer numerous answers in the future.